紐約公共圖書館的運書小火車

紐約公共圖書館總館的 Milstein Research Stacks 原本位在館外 Bryant Park 地面下 17英尺(約5.2公尺),去年再往下挖,達到地底下 27英尺(約8.2公尺) 的深度,希望可以增加 250萬冊的館藏空間。[1][2]

Inside The NYPL's New Stacks, 27 Feet Below Bryant Park
圖片來源:Gothamist[2]


新的空間(書架)並不以杜威十進位圖書分類法來管理書籍,而是以書籍大小來管理,因此是以閉架方式來管理。如何取書呢? 從 NYPL Facilities Operations 部門主管 Gerry Oliva 受訪的影片中看來,新空間像是一般密集書庫,看似還是由人工來取書(?)

書取出來後如何送到讀者手中,則是這次新聞的焦點,相信許多人這幾天都已看過相關的報導了。

New York Public Library installs high-tech, wall-climbing book-train
圖片來源:Boing Boing[3]

這套書籍運輸系統共由24台紅色小書車所組成,透過軌道一路將書籍分別送到1F及Rose Main Reading Room 的圖書館員手裡。比較特別的是這些小書車可以垂直的行走,而我則認為這是相當節省空間,或者利用空間的設計。


https://youtu.be/Vw1-M8BS4BM

從 Boing Boing 網站的介紹中可以看出其實 NYPL 原本就有一套類似的書籍運輸系統,這次新系統則更有效率,及更好維護。新系統的資料如下:[3]

* Runs on 950-feet of vertical and horizontal track
* Includes 24 cars that can each carry 30 pounds of material
* Moves 75 feet per minute.
* Are tracked using electronic sensors installed on the rails
* Moves materials through 11 levels of the library, totaling 375 feet.
* Is electric, and the cars run on 24VDC
* Takes approximately five minutes to go from the Milstein Stacks to the Rose Main Reading Room (it takes longer for requested materials to be delivered, as the request needs to be received, the materials pulled by staff, and then placed on the system).
* Costs about $2.6 million

延伸閱讀:

1. NYPL - New York Public Library to Break Ground on Expansion of Underground Storage for Research Materials at Iconic Building
2. Gothamist - Video: Inside The NYPL’s New Stacks, 27 Feet Below Bryant Park
3. Boing Boing - New York Public Library installs high-tech, wall-climbing book-train
4. Gothamist - Take A Ride On The NYPL’s Book Rollercoaster!
5. 中時電子報 - 紐約圖書館新添購設施 小火車可愛實用還可以…

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