Learning to See Differently

人們常說換個角度思考就會看到不同的結果,下面這圖也是一樣,您能看出什麼東西來嗎?

focus.jpg


Idea Champions 認為我們有時在第一眼看事物時,並無法看出它的全貌,這時可試試下面10的方法:

  1. Soften your focus
  2. Sneak up on it
  3. Look at things from a different angle
  4. Don’t try so hard
  5. Notice new patterns
  6. Stop staring
  7. Ask someone else to look on your behalf
  8. Look away, then look back
  9. Shrink or expand the image
  10. Change the lighting

上述講的並不只是單純看這些圖像,而是講我們要如何去做不同的思考。Chuck Frey 在文章中指出美國華頓商學院 Jerry Wind 及 Colin Crook 2位教授在2004年出版的 The Power of Impossible Thinking 一書中也針對如何 see differently 給了底下的指南,有興趣的人可以去看看這本書的中譯版 - 超凡的思維力量

  • Listen to the radicals: Listen to the radical thinkers around you and look for the wisdom and opportunities in their “bizarre" ideas. “Who are the radicals in your world and what are they saying to you? What are they seeing that you don’t see? What can you learn from them?"
  • Embark on journeys of discovery: Look for opportunities to explore new professions, emerging markets and fields of interest. “Listen to emerging segments of consumers, employees and investors, who can offer fresh perspectives on your organization or industry… Where do you need to travel to see new ways of seeing? What journeys of exploration can you embark on? In what places are the new ideas emerging?"
  • Look across disciplines: Move beyond the familiar territory of your education and training and cross borders into other disciplines to help you to see your situation from fresh perspectives. “A lot of the progress in different fields is at the intersection of other disciplines. How can you cross the boundaries of your education or practice to see the perspectives from other parts of your organization or other disciplines?"
  • Question the routine: “Like ocean waves against the beach, routines can lull you to sleep… You need to pay attention to how much you pay attention… Are you awake to the possibilities around you? If not, do something to disrupt your routine, even in a small way."
  • Recognize the barriers: Be aware of any barriers that may be preventing you from reconsidering your current mental models, such as a corporate culture that places a high value on maintaining the status quo. “What barriers in the world around you lock you into your current view? What inhibitors and blinders keep you from seeing new models? How can you overcome these obstacles or look over these fences to the world beyond?"
  • Practice flying upside down: The authors say that routines are reinforced by education and training, making us poorly prepared for experiences and circumstances that are well outside the norm. They explain how commercial airline pilots are now trained in flight simulators on how to react to unusual emergencies, including if the airplane they’re flying becomes inverted while out of control. “What are the equivalents to ‘flying upside down’ in your personal life or career? How can you prepare for events that are far outside your normal experience and require different responses than ‘flying upright?’ How can you expand your education or thinking to see these outrageous scenarios and prepare for them?"
  • Destroy the old model: Sometimes you need to destroy your old model of thinking to make space to see a new one. “What would happen if you set aside your current model? Without the burden of these ‘legacy systems,’ what could you create in their place?”
  • Envision multiple futures: “Scenario planning, popularized by the work of Royal/Dutch Shell and many leading practitioners, works from the… direction (of) examining the trends and uncertainties of the current environment and the way these drivers might play out in a set of potential scenarios for the future. What are the potential future worlds you might live in? What mental models will be needed to succeed in each of these future worlds?”

延伸閱讀:
東海大學創意動力學習中心 - 追獵心中大蛇

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